Archive for April, 2010

Regular cleaning and inspection is essential.

April 29, 2010

Regular cleaning and inspection is essential.
Aids for incontinence
The continence adviser or community nurse will be able to advise on the most appropriate aids to be used to absorb or contain urine.
These are very useful during retraining the bladder or where a cure is impossible, but they should not be used instead of exercise and retraining or other forms of therapy. They include:
Protection for bedding and furnishings
Cheap washable sheets and covers, which are the most practical as they can be disposed of if they become heavily stained. Pads
Various pads and securing pants are available to meet all degrees of incontinence. Bags or pouches
These are suitable for men.
If they suffer from mild incontinence and they may use a sheath or condom, which has to be fitted correctly to avoid leakage.
For those who are mostly in bed or in a wheelchair and there are various types of bags, which can also be used at night.
If possible, choose a container which the man is able to put on and empty on his own. Catheters
With these, a tube is usually inserted into the opening of the bladder so that urine drains directly into a small bag or container.
They should be fitted in the first instance by a community nurse, who will show you and the resident how to look after the catheter and how to empty the bag. Care must be taken not to introduce an infection.
After the first day or so some people are able to operate their own catheters.
NOTE A careful check needs to be made that the patient’s skin does not become sore while aids are being used and that the aids are being worn comfortably and discreetly. Helping with bedpans and urinals
If you are looking after a sick person, you may have to give bedpans or urinals at regular intervals and also remove and empty them. It’s important that you don’t show it if you find the task distasteful. Make sure the bedpan or urinal is clean and warmed slightly. Also provide a cover for the pan and towel and toilet roll and tissues. If possible and two members of staff should place the patient on the pan. Make sure they are well balanced and will not slip off.
You may need to remain nearby in case they do slip, but this can prevent some people from functioning so you will have to be sensitive to their feelings.

Military urged to transfer its technology…

April 22, 2010

Military urged to transfer its technology
THE IDEA that Britain’s leading position in military technology automatically helps its industrial base has taken a new blow.
A report by the electronics committee of the government’s National Economic Development Council says that the type of companies that lead the military electronics market are precisely the companies that are unable or unwilling to develop products for civilian customers.
The report’s author, Sir Ieuan Maddock, a former chief scientist at the Department of Industry and says the Ministry of Defence is partly to blame for this stagnation in “technology transfer”.
The bulk of the ministry’s technically-sophisticated work goes to companies or divisions of companies that deal almost exclusively with the Ministry of Defence.
And most companies that deal in both military and civilian products admitted to Maddock that transfers between the two “did not happen to anything like the extent that was desirable”.
Maddock visited defence contractors such as Ferranti, GEC-Marconi, Mullard, Plessey, Racal and Thorn-EMI in his investigation.
Maddock reports that most firms are hostile to the idea of moving people between civil and military sectors: “There already exists a large culture gap and it is getting even wider.”
In the long run and this situation is bad for Britain’s industry, Maddock argues, because the technology gap is growing all the time between companies working on advanced defence electronics (in which Britain leads the world) and these struggling to retain some of the consumer electronics business.
In contrast, before the Second World war, British civil industry was a leader in products such as radios and cathode-ray tubes which could be adapted quickly for military purposes.
“The brilliant inventiveness of the engineers and scientists…would have been of little avail if this strong industrial base had not existed.”
The Ministry of Defence’s own research establishments also came in for criticism for playing too great a role in specifying, designing and managing defence projects.
Maddock urged the laboratories to set up “industrial applications units” to find civil uses for their projects.
According to the report and the only way for Britain to benefit from its military strengths in rebuilding an electronics industry is for a massive, government-sponsored effort in technology transfer.
This cannot be achieved by existing military contractors moving into civilian markets for which they have few skills, but by giving the market-oriented companies more access to “front-line” technology. Drivers to pay
HONG KONG will announce next week a £35 million experimental pay-as-you-drive scheme for taxing the colony’s 300 000 motorists.
If the trial is successful the Hong Kong government will extend it to cover the entire colony.

Trialpay Nttdocomo schädlinge zimmerpflanzen

In skill learning this means the proper sequencing and timing…

April 12, 2010

In skill learning this means the proper sequencing and timing of the elements of a chain. There are two possible variations in sequencing.
The skill can be learned as a whole and in the same sequence as normally performed in practice.
This is best for complex and highly organised skills where component parts interact. The whole method is a form of simplification.
In less organised skills where there is little interaction and subtasks may be learned and practised separately before combining them. Practice
Practice serves to strengthen the S-R elements of the chain and to aid the learning of sequences and to prevent forgetting and to strengthen the fixation and autonomous phases.
Periods of practice should be spaced with short rest periods in between, but much will depend on the time available and the opportunities provided on the ward. Feedback
Feedback is especially important in skill learning.
Two forms have been delineated: extrinsic and intrinsic.
Extrinsic feedback is provided by the teacher in the form of information about the success or failure of the practice to match up to the standard performance.
It must be provided immediately to have any effect on learning: the longer the delay and the slower the rate of learning.
Intrinsic feedback is obtained through the student’s own actions and is of two kinds ” internal and external.
Internal or kinaesthetic feedback is the feeling obtained from the muscles when performing a skill. It is that “right feel” about an action that tells one all is well.
It may take some time before a beginner experiences it, but performance will not become efficient until she does.
External feedback is information obtained through the senses, usually visually, by which the student can judge the level of performance and make corrections where necessary.
An extension of intrinsic feedback is the feeling of satisfaction obtained after completing a skill successfully.
Extrinsic feedback from the teacher is necessary during skill learning and early practice, until intrinsic feedback takes over.

Firstload Abv uv gerät Amazon

not to be forced to do anything against your…

April 5, 2010

not to be forced to do anything against your will
RIGHTS IN ACTION
One Home has drawn up a more extensive list of practical rights which goes into detail about every aspect of life in the Home.
Each new resident and member of staff is given this and they find it very helpful. The manager’s comments are printed underneath the points they refer to. You may register with a doctor, dentist, chiropodist of your choice.
“We have as many as fifteen GP’s attached to this Home because our residents like to see a doctor they know.”
You may have access to physiotherapists, community nursing, other nursing services provided by the health authority or private agency nurses.
You may have access to your room at all times and have the privacy to lock your room door and any cupboard inside your room. “Every door has its own lock, and residents also have a safe for valuables.”
You may make a complaint by using a special complaint card which will be seen by the manager of the Home.
You may contribute to running the Home by attending its residents’ committee meetings. “We have a residents’ meeting once a month.
At the moment it’s chaired by one of the senior staff.
They talk about any problems, maybe with other clients and things like that and ask for suggestions. It’s mostly changes of menu that the discussion goes round.
Or for instance, we decorated two of our lounges and the residents discussed what paints and paper they’d like on the walls.” You may control the spending of the Home’s amenity fund.
“We have to raise money ourselves to do any outings, we’re given a very small budget so we have fund raising events, and the clients have total say about how we use that.” You may get up and go to bed when you please.
“Some clients stay up till two o’clock in the morning.